Judges adjudicate civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges preside over federal and provincial courts.
Court of Queen’s Bench justice
Supreme Court justice
county court judge
district court judge
family court judge
federal trial court justice
provincial court of appeal justice
small claims court judge
superior court justice
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Judges perform some or all of the following duties:
Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence
Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case
Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant
Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases
Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses
Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians
Enforce court orders for access or support
Supervise other judges and court officers.
Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.
Extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association is usually required.
Membership in good standing with a provincial or territorial law society or bar association is required.
Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinets.
Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, such as chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court.
Administrative tribunal judges (in 0411 Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration )
Citizenship court judges (in 1227 Court officers and justices of the peace )
Justices of the Peace (in 1227 Court officers and justices of the peace )